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Original Research

Open Access

The microbiota of sexual intercourse and its effect on prostatitis

La microbiota vaginal como un factor protector contra la prostatitis

  • Yurani Marllely Saldarriaga López1,†
  • Valeria Santacruz Restrepo1,†
  • Walter Darío Cardona Maya2
  • Jenniffer Puerta Suárez1,*,

1Reproduction Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antioquia—UdeA, 050010 Medellín, Colombia

2Reproduction Group, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antioquia—UdeA, 050010 Medellín, Colombia

DOI: 10.22514/j.androl.2024.006 Vol.22,Issue 1,March 2024 pp.38-43

Submitted: 06 June 2023 Accepted: 29 December 2023

Published: 30 March 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Jenniffer Puerta Suárez E-mail: jenniffer.puerta@udea.edu.co

† These authors contributed equally.

Abstract

It is estimated that microorganisms colonize 90% of the body surface. In some tracts, such as the genitourinary tract, the microbiota varies throughout life, influenced by hormonal stimulation and sexual practices. This study evaluated the semen differences and presence of Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus iners, Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae in semen samples from patients with symptoms of chronic prostatitis and men asymptomatic for urogenital infections. Fifty-three semen samples were included: 22 samples from men with symptoms of chronic prostatitis and 31 asymptomatic men (control group). In addition to the presence of L. crispatus, L. iners, G. vaginalis and A. vaginae, semen parameters, total antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma, prostatic antigen and some proinflammatory cytokines were evaluated in each semen sample. Volunteers with symptoms of chronic prostatitis presented a lower percentage of sperm morphology (4.3% vs. control group 6.0%, p = 0.004); in the semen samples of volunteers in the group asymptomatic for urogenital infections, microorganisms associated with the vaginal microbiota were detected more frequently. The presence of bacteria in the vaginal microbiota can also benefit male reproductive health, which undergoes various modifications related to lifestyle habits that are susceptible to modification. Microorganisms associated with the vaginal microbiota, such as L. crispatus, L. iners, G. vaginalis and A. vaginae, may have a protective role against the development of male genitourinary diseases such as prostatitis.


Resumen

Se estima que el 90% de la superficie corporal está colonizada por microorganismos. En algunos tractos como el genitourinario, la microbiota varia a lo largo de la vida influenciada por factores como el estímulo hormonal y las prácticas sexuales. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron comparar los parametros seminales y evaluar la presencia de Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus iners, Gardnerella vaginalis y Atopobium vaginae de muestras de semen de pacientes con síntomas de prostatitis crónica y de hombres asintomáticos para infecciones urogenitales. Se incluyeron 53 muestras de semen: 22 muestras de hombres con síntomas de prostatitis crónica (grupo prostatitis) y 31 de hombres asintomáticos (grupo control). En cada muestra de semen se evaluó además de la presencia de L. crispatus, L. iners, G. vaginalis y A. vaginae, los parámetros seminales convencionales y funcionales, además de la capacidad antioxidante total del plasma seminal. Los voluntarios con síntomas de prostatitis crónica presentaron menor porcentaje de morfología espermática (4.3% vs grupo control 6.0%, p = 0.004), en las muestras de semen de los voluntarios del grupo asintomático para infecciones urogenitales se detectaron con mayor frecuencia los microorganismos asociados a la microbiota vaginal. La presencia de bacterias de la microbiota vaginal puede ser también benéfico para la salud reproductiva masculina, esta sufre diversas modificaciones en relación con los hábitos de vida que son susceptibles de modificación. Los microorganismos asociados a la microbiota vaginal como L. crispatus, L. iners, G. vaginalis y A. vaginae pueden tener un papel protector frente al desarrollo de enfermedades genitourinarias masculinas como la prostatitis.


Keywords

Microbiota; Sexual intercourse; Lactobacillus crispatus; Lactobacillus iners; Gard-nerella vaginalis; Atopobium vaginae; Prostatitis


Palabras Clave

Microbiota; Relaciones sexuales; Lactobacillus crispatus; Lactobacillus iners; Gardnerella vaginalis; Atopobium vaginae; Prostatitis


Cite and Share

Yurani Marllely Saldarriaga López,Valeria Santacruz Restrepo,Walter Darío Cardona Maya,Jenniffer Puerta Suárez. The microbiota of sexual intercourse and its effect on prostatitisLa microbiota vaginal como un factor protector contra la prostatitis. Revista Internacional de Andrología. 2024. 22(1);38-43.

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