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Original Research

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Sexual abuse and dysfunction in people with addiction problems and the general population. A descriptive study

Abusos sexuales y disfunciones en personas con problemas de adicción y población en general. Un estudio descriptivo

  • Sonia Franco Jaén1,2,*,
  • Jose Manuel Rodríguez González2
  • Amor Espinosa García3

1Andalusian Institute of Sexology and Psychology, 29001 Málaga, Spain

2Department of Personality, Evaluation and Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Seville, 41020 Seville, Spain

3Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Cádiz, Puerto Real, 1101 Cádiz, Spain

DOI: 10.22514/j.androl.2024.011 Vol.22,Issue 2,June 2024 pp.21-26

Submitted: 17 October 2022 Accepted: 26 September 2023

Published: 30 June 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Sonia Franco Jaén E-mail: sonfrajae@cop.es

Abstract

The fact of having suffered Childhood Sexual Abuse (ASI) is considered a risk factor for the subsequent development of sexual dysfunctions, these being more frequent among women than among men. The objective of this work is to analyze the different sexual dysfunctions in people who have suffered ASI, with addiction problems and in the general population. The sample is made up of 426 participants (241 men and 185 women). A retrospective ex post facto study has been carried out using a sociodemographic data questionnaire (ad hoc) and the Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS). For data analysis, the Kolomogorov-Smirnov and Mann Whitney U tests were performed. The Mann-Whitney U test has been carried out to verify if there are significant differences between the people who present sexual dysfunction, between the groups that have suffered sexual abuse and have addiction problems, and the group that has not suffered sexual abuse and have addiction problems. The results indicate that the variables in which significant differences are found are the following: Dissatisfaction (p = 0.013), Avoidance (p < 0.001), No sensuality (p = 0.008), Vaginismus (p < 0.001), Anorgasmia (p < 0.001), erectile dysfunction (p = 0.045), and premature ejaculation (p = 0.007). The average scores that have been obtained among people who have addiction problems, without having suffered ASI in comparison with those who have suffered it, are the following: Dissatisfaction (5.09 vs. 6.41), Avoidance (2.03 vs. 2.22), No Sensuality (2.96 vs. 4.50), Vaginismus (0.88 vs. 2.94), Anorgasmia (0.97 vs. 3.78), Erectile Dysfunction (2.41 vs. 1.69), Premature Ejaculation (3.60 vs. 2.22). People who have suffered ASI present, with a greater probability, sexual dysfunctions than those who have not suffered it.


Resumen

El hecho de haber sufrido Abuso Sexual Infantil (ASI) se considera un factor de riesgo para el posterior desarrollo disfunciones sexuales, siendo estas más frecuentes entre las mujeres que entre los hombres. El objetivo que tiene el presente trabajo es analizar las diferentes disfunciones sexuales en las personas que han sufrido ASI, con problemas de adicción y en la población general. La muestra la componen 426 participantes (241 hombres y 185 mujeres). Se ha llevado a cabo un estudio expostfacto retrospectivo y para ello se ha empelado un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos (ad hoc) y el Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS). Para el análisis de los datos se han realizado las pruebas de Kolomogorov-Smirnov y U de Mann Whitney. Se ha realizado la prueba U de Mann-Whitney para verificar si existen diferencias significativas entre las personas que presentan disfunción sexual, entre los grupos que han sufrido abuso sexual y tiene problemas de adicción, y el grupo que no ha sufrido abusos sexuales y tiene problemas de adicción. Los resultados señalan que las variables en las que se encuentran diferencias significativas son las siguientes: Insatisfacción (p = 0.013), Evitación (p < 0.001), No sensualidad (p = 0.008), Vaginismo (p < 0.001), Anorgasmia (p < 0.001), Disfunción eréctil (p = 0.045), y Eyaculación precoz (p = 0.007). Las puntuaciones medias que se han obtenido entre las personas que tienen problemas de adicción, sin haber sufrido ASI en comparación con las que si lo han sufrido son las siguientes: Insatisfacción (5.09 vs. 6.41), Evitación (2.03 vs. 2.22), No sensualidad (2.96 vs. 4.50), Vaginismo (0.88 vs. 2.94), Anorgasmia (0.97 vs. 3.78), Disfunción eréctil (2.41 vs. 1.69), Eyaculación precoz (3.60 vs. 2.22). Las personas que han sufrido ASI presentan, con una mayor probabilidad, disfunciones sexuales que aquellas otras que no lo han sufrido.


Keywords

Child sexual abuse; Sexual dysfunction; Addiction; Descriptive study


Palabras Clave

Abuso Sexual Infantil; Disfunciones sexuales; Adicción; Estudio descriptivo


Cite and Share

Sonia Franco Jaén,Jose Manuel Rodríguez González,Amor Espinosa García. Sexual abuse and dysfunction in people with addiction problems and the general population. A descriptive studyAbusos sexuales y disfunciones en personas con problemas de adicción y población en general. Un estudio descriptivo. Revista Internacional de Andrología. 2024. 22(2);21-26.

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